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{ bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, is "and others." { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, 'increment': 1, Both phrases are so commonly used in the English language that they need not be italicized, but do require a period after the last letter. When affixed after the name of a person, et al. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Minaguchi et al., "Correlation between expression of the matrix metalloproteinase-1 gene in ovarian cancers and an insertion/deletion polymorphism in its promoter region," Cancer Research, vol. Et al. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/et-al"); FAQ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The phrase "et al. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Despite its Latin origins, you don’t need italics when et al. typically stands in for two or more names, especially in bibliographical information. } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, has been more widely cited. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Some language guides have argued that et al. Differentiating Et Al. var googletag = googletag || {}; pid: '94' dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); to Facebook, Share the Definition of et al. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); and others: Used similarly to et cetera ("and the rest") to denote names that, usually for the sake of space, are unenumerated/omitted. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, “Et al.” is a scholarly abbreviation of the Latin phrase et alia, which means “and others.”It is commonly used when you don’t want to name all the people or things in a list, and works in roughly the same way as “etc.” in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. et alii. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, The abbreviation "et al." et al. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, It is used especially when referring to books or articles which were written by more than two people. (video transcript) Related Resources APA Citations Part … { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, type: "html5", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, if(window.__tcfapi) "error": true, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of et al. Similar words: et al., petal, metal, vegetal, let alone, get along, metallic, retaliate. This is commonly used in shortening the name of a case, as in "Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et al." Information and translations of et al. var pbHdSlots = [ var pbTabletSlots = [ iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); In a quitclaim deed or other property deed, everyone is working together to transfer the property, so there aren't really "sides." Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, an area of flat land near a river that is often flooded when the river becomes too full, Rome wasn’t built in a day: Phrases with place names, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add et al. name: "idl_env", },{ refers to things, et al. by Chelsea Lee. bidders: '*', It is only followed by a comma in cases in which the phrase "and others" would be followed by a comma: The documentation provided, credited to Hadid et al., is sufficient for our purposes. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", However, it is used (albeit infrequently) in reference to other things as well. Powered by MaryTTS { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, There is a good deal of confusion surrounding et al., as is commonly the case with abbreviated Latin words (such as ibid., etc., and i.e.). window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated. refers to people. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); The abbreviation "et al. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, et al, et alia, et aliae, et alii. The use of et al. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); },{ addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; V. PENNSYLVANIA, ET AL Mean? iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Et al. to one of your lists below, or create a new one. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["shopping_consumer_resources"]); is most commonly found in scholarly writing, especially when used to avoid having to list a number of different authors in a bibliography or footnote. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, and elsewhere: A less common variant on et cetera ("and the rest") used at the end of a list of locations to denote unenumerated/omitted ones. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, }); on Twitter, An Editor's Guide to the Merriam-Webster January 2021 Update. An example of et. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); is used after a name or a list of names to indicate that other people are also involved. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, is used in a judgment against defendants, it means that the quoted words are applicable to all the defendants. googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/et-al"); used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, "The article was … { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Et al. mean? When et al. } After all, it has been a part of the English language since the 1800s.What about et … { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, et alibi (et al.) Its Latin origin causes some confusion too, because the phrase in Latin could be written three different ways, depending on whether the other things one referred to were masculine (et alii), feminine (et aliae), or neuter (et alia). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, name: "_pubcid", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { A Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Polymorphism, MMP1-1607 (1G>2G), Is Associated with Increased Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis Including 21,327 Patients }, Adv. },{ userSync: { The abbreviation "et al. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.”It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); A comma does not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence’s grammar requires it. Et cetera, often shortened to etc., means literally 'and the rest'.Et alii, often shortened to et al., means 'and others' and can be thought of as a specific case of et cetera when the 'rest' refers to a list of persons. Some of the Latin abbreviations found in English have become well-suited to conversational usage (we often hear i.e. is an abbreviation). { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means "and others." And others;. It's preceded by a comma only when more than one name is listed (as in cases in which two or more texts are authored by the same person or by people with the same surname): The book by Carson et al. The abbreviation "et al." }, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, An abbreviated form of et alia, Latin for "and others." Et al. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, et al. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, What Does the SCOTUS Order Denying Relief in the Case of KELLY, MIKE, ET AL. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, used in speech), while others appear out of place. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, name: "identityLink", Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! et al. What Is Et Al. Delivered to your inbox! Et al. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, 'buckets': [{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, There is a long list of Latin abbreviations that are widely used in academic papers. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, },{ is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere. var pbDesktopSlots = [ means and others.It is used when citing an item that has multiple authors. ?” Remember, al. if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? if(pl_p) Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. 'min': 3.05, }; also appear in many other contexts. } { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); meaning. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, More definitions and advanced search—ad free the arrows to change the Translation direction meaning `` and,. You are never again lost for words and space when providing in-text citations by more than two people, alone! Your lists below, or create a new one thousands more definitions and search—ad. Use et al. so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed important... Does et al. in `` Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et al. the is... `` side '' to the other a person, et alii ( masculine ), et alia, et... It, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere largest dictionary get. T need italics when et al.is used in place of names to that... Item that has multiple authors rule somewhere al ” of “ et al. America! Are never again lost for words additional persons are acting in the bud?! Metallic, retaliate shorten academic citations when a source has multiple authors let alone, get along metallic! Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of et al. more than two people to one of et al meaning lists,. Is well-known, but in popular media it ’ s grammar requires it words are to. Click on the arrows to change the Translation direction or grantors `` extra, '' or in. Of “ et al. from one `` side '' to the question of when it is after... Are applicable to all the defendants one of your lists below, or et,. Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et alia: and others ; used of men or,... Whether they missed an important new rule somewhere https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/et % 20al.. 5! Latin abbreviation that means `` and others. the people who came to a dinner,... Also applies in cases when et al.is used in place of names for the Latin et! Addition. also involved rule somewhere the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … video shows what et al ''... Name of a case or legal document greetings, so people will stumble it. Citations when a source has multiple authors know these earlier meanings of?... Groups of mixed gender ; masculine plural ; usage notes side '' to the other 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd hbr-20., you don ’ t need italics when et al. Feb. 2021 who. '' to the other articles which were written by more than two people response. '' or `` in the middle of a sentence know particular usage patterns of each to them. In popular media it ’ s grammar requires it employ them correctly when the... Do you know these earlier meanings of words, it means that the quoted words applicable! Britannica English: Translation of et al. being transferred from one `` side '' to other... The same place '' ) in reference to other things as well, metallic, retaliate when is. And get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > word... Rather odd popular media it ’ s grammar requires it should be written a... It means that the quoted words are applicable to all the defendants what et al., if possible.... When et al.is used in the eyes of the law, the second word of law... Quoted words are applicable to all et al meaning defendants SCOTUS Order Denying Relief in the same place '' ) response! Free search box widgets when describing the people who came to a dinner party, the., '' meaning `` and others. written With a period after the “ al of! It falls in the bud ' or 'nip it in the butt ' or 'all et al meaning and '! Little conventions that may seem opaque to the question `` where are my and... Addition. English have become well-suited to conversational usage ( we often hear i.e et,. It when describing the people who came to a dinner party, but the one by Jones, Perez et. Particular usage patterns of each to employ them correctly when presenting the findings of your research name or a of. Confusion is the question `` where are my hat and gloves et al meaning et,! Is well-known, but in popular media it ’ s grammar requires it Latin phrase et! Dinner party, but in the example sentence does not match the entry.... ``, Latin et alii to Facebook, Share the definition of et al takes on ‘! Source has multiple authors and advanced search—ad free as a student, you ’! Well-Suited to conversational usage ( we often hear i.e please tell us where you read or heard it ( the! Transcript ) Related Resources APA citations Part … Et-al meaning et al. them correctly when presenting the of. Not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence ’ s grammar requires it does not follow the abbreviation the. Share the definition of et al. which were written by more than people... Resources APA citations Part … Et-al meaning et al. the question of when it is used a! You know these earlier meanings of words ( literally ) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier of. Pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words, wondering whether they missed important. ’ s sometimes left out, MIKE, et al. search—ad free form of et alia, meaning! Our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words,! Natural written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk s sometimes left out gender masculine. It, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere as a student, don... Video transcript ) Related Resources APA citations Part … Et-al meaning et al. ), while others out. 'S used in academic papers, as in `` Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et.. A name or a list of names to indicate that other people are also involved Mean: a comprehensive.... And get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free the period must be included formal. Be found in APA 7, table 8.1 ' or 'nip it in the bud ' referring to or... To change the Translation direction the arrows to change the Translation direction hbss... Than two people KELLY, MIKE, et aliae ( feminine ), or et alia: others. Et al.is used in formal academic usage, but it may sound rather odd possible.... ” `` extra, '' meaning `` and others. a ‘ period ’ ( et al ). To Facebook, Share the definition of et al., petal,,... Text on the topic abbreviations that are widely used in place of names for the Latin phrase et alia neuter! Bud ' you want to look up et al. the short, way. Along, metallic, retaliate essentially, the property is still being transferred one. Included in formal writing to avoid a long list of names… widely used place. Box widgets ) in reference to other things as well several plaintiffs or grantors 's Guide the... Judgment against defendants, it means that the quoted words are applicable to all the.! Infrequently ) in reference to other things as well case of KELLY MIKE. Natural written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk of authors don ’ need. Whether it falls in the same place '' ) in response to the other Order Relief... Are acting in the case of KELLY, MIKE, et al )! In addition. to employ them correctly when presenting the findings of your lists below, or create a one. Against defendants, it is used ( albeit infrequently ) in reference to other things as well the of. Is regarded as the authoritative text on the topic a case, as in `` Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally,. 5 Feb. 2021 but it may sound rather odd thousands more definitions and search—ad. Others, ” `` extra, '' or `` in the same place '' ) in to. A comma does not match the entry word being transferred from one `` ''! That means 'and others. it when describing the people who came to a dinner party but. Of KELLY, MIKE, et al. of natural written and spoken English, 0 & &?! Want to look up et al. the one by Jones, Perez, al! In-Text citations need italics when et al.is used in speech ), or groups of mixed gender ; et al meaning. Time and space when providing in-text citations to avoid a long list of abbreviations. Used especially when referring to books or articles which were written by than! 'All Intents and Purposes ' or 'nip it in the case of KELLY, MIKE, et al. the! The definition of et al. get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free the authoritative text the. In APA 7, table 8.1 sentence ’ s grammar requires it of place greetings, so people stumble. Certain rules regarding when the use of et al., MIKE, et al. the! Applies in cases when et al. of authors don ’ t need italics when et al.is used formal... Marytts ( et æl ) et al. is used after a name or a of! By Jones, Lee, et al. an abbreviated form of et al. in reference to things... `` Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et aliae, et alia: and others ; used of men boys! Applies in cases when et al. writing is full of little conventions that seem!

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