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It is common for birch to be replaced by longer-lived trees after that time, like difference types of spruce trees. The paper birch received its name from the nature of its bark. Hardiness: Zones 3 through 9 Growth Rate: Moderate to Rapid Paper birch trees grow as much as 60 feet (18 m.) tall and 35 feet (11 m.) wide, adding as much as 2 feet (61 cm.) The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. B. resinifera) or Alaska birch, also known as Alaska paper birch or resin birch, is a species of birch native to Alaska and northern Canada.Its range covers most of interior Alaska, and extends from the southern Brooks Range to the Chugach Range in Alaska, including the Turnagain Arm and northern half of the Kenai Peninsula, eastward from Norton Sound through the … The peeling white bark blends well with winter's snowy surroundings. It is considered a pioneer species meaning it is typically found in disturbed areas and rarely seen in older forests. Growing paper birch trees means you’ll always have something interesting to look at in the landscape. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, normal - very moist. Other common names: Canoe Birch, Paper Birch French names: Bouleau à papier Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Birches Distinctive features: Tree Similar species: • European White Birch (Betula pendula) - Branches are "weeping" (hanging down. Paper Birch vs European White Birch. This is probably the species of birch that the majority of people are most familiar with. The trees are native to cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere and have white, peeling bark. commutata Regel: BEPAC: Betula papyrifera Marshall var. Paper birch is an easy tree to identify, with its white bark that tears in strips from the trunk. paper birch Betulaceae Betula papyrifera Marshall symbol: BEPA Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate in shape, 3 to 5 inches long, with irregularly doubly serrate margins, an acute tip and rounded base (occasionally heart-shaped), green above and paler below. In most cases mature trees can be easily distinguished by characteristics of bark and leaf shape. The Paper Birch has bright white bark, the underside of which is a pinkish color. The white bark develops paper-like layers. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. The paper birch, known as a white birch, silver birch, or canoe birch, rarely lives more than 140 years. The bark of immature trees is silvery-white, but in time the tree develops distinctive diamond-shaped black protrusions on … Identification: It is found principally in the northeast part of Iowa, extending southwestward to Eldora. Fruiting bodies are an even more definitive way to tell these trees apart. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) produces separate male and female flowers on the same tree, both in the form of catkins (cylindrical clusters of flowers). Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; BEALC: Betula alba L. var. 1913. This type is known for its peeling bark to reveal a new layer underneath. commutata (Regel) Fernald: western paper birch BEPAE: Betula papyrifera Marshall var. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft), often multi-stemmed high. Identification: This is a medium-sized, fast-growing, deciduous tree. Both have horizontal lines of lenticels on the bark. : BEPAM2: Betula papyrifera Marshall var. Paper birch trees grow to a natural age of about 100 years. The Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera) is a small to medium-sized, fast-growing deciduous tree usually found in mixed wood forests in the northern US and Canada, including the Adirondack Mountains.This tree – a close relative of the Yellow Birch (which also grows in our part of the Adirondacks) – is a member of the Birch family. That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. Birch bark turns lighter and peels off in sheets as the tree matures; aspen bark may become rough in older trees but does not peel off. The bark of most poplars is dark colored, hard, fissured or furrowed on the mature specimens. Betula neoalaskana (syn. per year in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 to 6 or 7 where winters are cold. The catkins form in the fall and overwinter in a dormant state. If weakened or stressed bronze birch borer can be a problem. Paper Birch Tree Facts. Betula populifolia - grey birch. Mixed species stand: Exceptionally good growth and stem form of B. papyrifera in a mixed species stand on an intermediate site near Shushwap Lake, central British Columbia, Canada. These two closely-related species are easily confused, as both have white bark that can peel. Grows best in medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. The bark of young Paper Birch trees is brownish, but begins to turn white when the tree is about a decade old. The birches include some 50 species that naturally inhabit the cooler northern climates, many of them shrub-sized. Habitat: Found in bottomland areas and along streams in eastern Iowa. Paper birch can be found in almost every county of Michigan including the Lower and Upper Peninsula. One species of white birch, B. pubescens, Within the birch family, Betulaceae, Silver Birch is the most common species in Britain. The habitat and range of the thin-barked paper birch includes high altitudes and the far northern regions of North America — places where temperate fluctuations are most extreme. Usually about 18 metres (60 feet) tall but occasionally reaching 40 m, the tree has ovate, dark-green, sharp-pointed leaves about 10 centimetres long. Identification Notes. River Birch Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree that thrives in well drained, sandy loams on cool moist sites and is primarily noted and praised for its beautiful white bark. River birch (Betula nigra) is a medium-sized tree associated with moist, rich soils along streams, rivers and swampy locations.It is the most common birch native to Iowa. Visitor Sightings : Report a sighting of this plant. elobata (Fernald) Sarg. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. White birch, any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae. Now compare it to the peely nature of typical birch bark (here pictured B. papyrifera or paper birch): Paper Birches produce catkins that appear before or at the same time as the leaves. It is a showy tree in the woods with its white bark. The average height of a birch tree is around 12 meters (40 feet tall), but the paper and yellow birch can grow up to 24 meters (80 feet) tall. Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera) Grey Birch (Betula populifolia) Here is a picture of Populus tremuloides from the USDA: Notice the smoothness of the above Aspen bark (identical to that of the picture in the OP's question). The Paper Birch is botanically called Betula papyrifera . Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed The macrostachya Fernald: BEPAP2 • Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) - A small tree; only in extreme eastern Ontario. It grows widely across the UK preferring a drier, sandier soil then downy birch.This often means downy birch is the more common birch in Ireland and Scotland and at higher altitudes. Silver birch is a pioneer tree. It rises often on a single trunk, sometimes 2 or more trunks, from a shallow root system. Unless damaged early in life, a Silver Birch has a single trunk with attractive pendulous branches. It is a species that grows best in full sunlight and near water. It has a clear, straight trunk and thin, rounded crown. Brown. Like many tree species in New England and the northern hemisphere, the paper birch is susceptible to several pests, including the bronze birch borer and the birch leaf miner. Though most similar to Heart-leaved Birch (Betula cordifolia), its leaves are just that—the bases are heart-shaped, rarely rounded, and 9 to 12 pairs of lateral veins where Paper Birch leaves have 9 or fewer vein pairs and bases are rounded to nearly straight across. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. The Paper Birch is short-lived and rarely lives more … Related Species. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Male catkins are 2-4 inches long, whereas female… Paper Bark Birch. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera), also known by the common names of white birch and canoe birch, and trembling or quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) are popular landscaping trees across the United States.Both have white bark. Identification of the Paper Birch: Paper Birch trees feature a distinctive white bark. The birch trees are still widespread across North America , and have no special status under the U.S. or Canadian governments. Landscape Uses. All birch trees are of the genus Betula, which is related to the beech and oak family of trees. The Paper Birch tree's distinctive peeling bark is the main clue to distinguishing it from other deciduous trees in the Adirondacks. Paper birch, (Betula papyrifera), ornamental, shade, and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to northern and central North America. The paper birch trees (Betula papyrifera) is a fast-growing but short-lived tree that often develops multiple trunks as the plant matures.The most distinctive characteristic of this medium-sized deciduous tree is the peeling bark, which contrasts sharply against the green leaves that turn bright yellow in fall. The name white birch also refers to paper birch. The main difficulty is differentiating Paper Birch from Yellow Birch. The most abundant poplar, the eastern cottonwood, is more massive than any birch, as this cottonwood can grow to 100 feet and has a spreading canopy. Beneath the loose paper, the tree's inner bark is creamy to pinkish or orangish white. 3 vols. Fortunately though, the medium sized deciduous tree, characterized by its white papery bark, continues to flourish in the deciduous forests of North America. The leaves of Paper Birch are sharply pointed; the margins are doubly toothed. Long ago, people would peel layers of the thin, paper-like bark and write on it as a way to send messages. In the spring they mature as the leaves develop, becoming pendulous. This button not working for you? Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Paper birch is a small- to medium-sized deciduous, broadleaf tree found throughout the interior of British Columbia. Identification. Betula papyrifera - paper birch. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Both Paper Birch and Yellow Birch feature peeling bark. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. Paper birch, however, is clearly not a substitute for yellow birch and there’s no comparison. The paper birch has leaves that can grow to 4 inches in length, and the gray birch leaves average between 2 and 3 1/2 inches long, states the University of Connecticut Plant Database website. Study the disparity between the shapes of the leaves of the white birch species in America. ... and starting fire with just wet birch bark from a paper birch and firesteel. Paper birch, also known as white birch, is used for lumber, veneer, plywood and pulpwood, and its smooth uniform texture makes it a popular choice for household items, toys and products such as wooden spoons and toothpicks. Paper birch is not a large tree in Iowa and is used primarily for ornamental plantings. Britton, N.L., and A. Of the tree-sized birches, all are identified by the presence of a paper-like peeling bark. These trees can grow to be about about anywhere between 40’ to 70 feet tall and is a common species to be found in the yards of many homes. 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